This is the 2007 version. Click here for the 2017 chapter 13 table of contents.

Summary: Trends in Therapy

Increasingly, therapists feel uncomfortable identifying themselves with only one school of psychotherapy. Many feel that they should be competent in a variety of approaches, so they can tailor therapy to a client's needs. This also meshes with the EBP (evidence-based practice) movement encouraged by public health professionals. They, and HMO insurance companies, want to insure that people get a treatment well matched to their problems.

In the 1970s, a self-help movement emerged. Prominent researchers wrote popular books to share psychological knowledge with the public. Studies showed that self-help books could work, but most of the time people who started a self-help program did not complete the program, and in those cases the self-help programs did not work as advertised.

In recent decades more psychologists have experimented with briefer therapies. Bloom offered an "impasse service" consisting of a single two-hour session. Family-based therapy, internet-based therapy, and peer counseling are trends in recent therapy. Peer counseling is often very effective, because nobody can empathize with a troubled person like someone who has been through the same sort of experience.

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